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Thursday, December 1, 2011

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Apt-Get Utility: Ubuntu's Advanced Packaging Tool (APT)

The apt-get command is a powerful command-line tool used to work with Ubuntu's Advanced Packaging Tool (APT) performing such functions as installation of new software packages,  upgrade of existing software packages,  and even upgrading the entire Ubuntu system.

Some examples of popular uses for the apt-get utility:

Install a Package: Installation of packages using the apt-get tool is quite simple. For example, to install the network scanner nmap, type the following:
sudo apt-get install nmap

Remove a Package: Removal of a package or packages is also a straightforward and simple process. To remove the nmap package installed in the previous example, type the following:
sudo apt-get remove nmap

Update the Package Index: The APT package index is essentially a database of available packages from the repositories defined in the /etc/apt/sources.list file. To update the local package index with the latest changes made in repositories, type the following:
sudo apt-get update

Upgrade Packages: Over time, updated versions of packages currently installed on your computer may become available from the package repositories (for example security updates). To upgrade your system, first update your package index as outlined above, and then type:
sudo apt-get upgrade


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